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PROCTOLOGY (PILES, FISSURE, FISTULA SURGREY)

Piles Aka Hemorrhoids, Bawasir, Mulvyadh are swollen and enlarged veins in the rectum and the anal canal containing enlarged blood vessels in and around the rectum and the anus which is a result of an increased pressure in the anus making the veins wider and engorged with more blood than usual resulting in overlying tissue and swelling causing piles 

How can piles be classified?

Piles can be categorized into four stages.


Stage 1 – Here, the piles are mild and are present in the form of small inflammations. They are present inside the anus and cannot be seen.
Stage 2 – These piles are larger than stage 1 and can come out the anus while passing stools.
Stage 3 – They are also known as prolapsed hemorrhoids. They are present outside the anus. Sometimes, you may also feel them hanging from the rectum, but they can be pushed back.
Stage 4 – They are severe, and you will require treatment 

What are the causes of piles?

When you put pressure on the lower rectum, it can lead to piles. Also, constipation, diarrhea, lifting too heavy weights, and strain can cause piles

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Generally, the symptoms of piles are not very serious and can resolve on their own. However, it is important to keep an eye on the symptoms as you need to get it treated if it doesn’t rectify on its own. The symptoms of this condition include;

 

  • Feeling a hard lump around the anus, which can be filled with coagulated blood. This type of piles is known as thrombosed external hemorrhoids.

  • Despite passing stools, you may immediately feel like going to the bathroom again

  • Bright red blood may be seen with the stools

  • You may feel itchy, sore, and even redness around the anus

  • You may experience pain while passing the stools

  • Too much bleeding from the anus, which can even cause anemia

  • Infection of the anus

  • Fecal incontinence or no control over your bowel movement

  • Anal fistula – Here, a new channel gets created between the anal skin and the anus.

  • Strangulated hemorrhoids – When the hemorrhoids don’t receive any blood supply and the condition leads to complications, it is known as strangulated hemorrhoid                                      

         

          What are the causes of piles?

        When you put pressure on the lower rectum, it can lead to piles. Also, constipation, diarrhea,

        lifting too  heavy weights, and strain can cause piles

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